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 Sawm,siyam,Fast,fasting Ramadan< introduction

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مُساهمةموضوع: Sawm,siyam,Fast,fasting Ramadan< introduction   السبت يوليو 04, 2015 2:51 pm

Allah Says :" O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous."

" ]Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey ]during them] - then an equal number of days ]are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] - a ransom ]as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess - it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew."

" The month of Ramadhan ]is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights ]the new moon of] f]]the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and[/b] ]wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that ]to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful." [al-Baqarah 2:183-185]


Question scratch Definition of Siyaam (fasting):

( study ) Siyaam in Arabic means abstaining; in Islam it means abstaining from things that break the fast, from dawn until sunset, having first made the intention (niyyah) to fast.


Idea Ruling on fasting

( study ) The Ummah is agreed that fasting the month of Ramadaan is obligatory, the evidence for which is in the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
O you who believe! Observing al-sawn (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become al-muttaqoon (the pious).” [al-Baqarah 2:183]

Like a Star @ heaven The Prophet Salaa Allah Alih Wa Sallam (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
Islam has been built on five [pillars]: testifying that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, performing the prayers, paying the Zakah, making the pilgrimage to the House, and fasting in Ramadan." (Reported by al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, 1/49).

Idea Question Whoever breaks the fast during Ramadaan without a legitimate excuse has committed a serious major sin, The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, describing a dream that he had seen: “… until I was at the mountain, where I heard loud voices. I asked, ‘What are these voices?’ They said, ‘This is the howling of the people of Hellfire.’ Then I was taken [to another place], and I saw people hanging from their hamstrings, with the corners of their mouths torn and dripping with blood. I said, ‘Who are these?’ They said, ‘The people who broke their fast before it was the proper time to do so,’ i.e., before the time of iftaar.” (Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/420).

Idea Al-Haafiz al-Dhahabi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, “Among the believers it is well-established that whoever does not fast in Ramadaan without a valid excuse is worse than an adulterer or drunkard; they doubt whether he is even a Muslim at all, and they regard him as a heretic and profligate."

Idea ” Shaykh al-Islam ]Ibn Taymiyah] (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “If a person does not fast in Ramadaan knowing that it is haraam but making it halaal for himself to do so, kill him; and if he does it because he is immoral [but believes it is haraam], then punish him for not fasting.” (Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 25/265).

The virtues of fasting"

( study ) The virtues of fasting are great indeed, and one of the things reported in the saheeh ahaadeeth is that Allaah has chosen fasting for Himself, and He will reward it and multiply the reward without measure, as He says [in the hadeeth qudsi]: “Except for fasting which is only for My sake, and I will reward him for it.” (al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, no. 1904; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/407).

Idea" Fasting has no equal "
(al-Nisaa'i, 4/165; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/413).

Idea The du’aa’ of the fasting person will not be refused (reported by al-Bayhaqi, 3/345; al-Silsilat al-Saheeh, 1797).

" The fasting person has two moments of joy: one when he breaks his fast and one when he meets his Lord and rejoices over his fasting ."
(reported by Muslim, 2/807).

Idea Fasting will intercede for a person on the Day of Judgement, and will say, “O Lord, I prevented him from his food and physical desires during the day, so let me intercede for him.” (Reported by Ahmad, 2/174. Al-Haythami classed its isnaad as hasan in al-Majma’, 3/181. See also Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/411).

Idea " The smell that comes from the mouth of a fasting person is better with Allaah than the scent of musk." (Muslim, 2/807).

Idea "Fasting is a protection and a strong fortress that keeps a person safe from the Fire." (Reported by Ahmad, 2/402; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/411; Saheeh al-Jaami’, 3880).

Idea" Whoever fasts one day for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will remove his face seventy years’ distance from the Fire." (Reported by Muslim, 2/808).

Idea" Whoever fasts one day seeking the pleasure of Allaah, if that is the last day of his life, he will enter Paradise." (Reported by Ahmad, 5/391; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/412).

Idea"In Paradise there is a gate called al-Rayyaan, through those who fast will enter, and no one will enter it except them; when they have entered it will be locked, and no-one else will enter through it.” (al-Bukhaari, Fath, no. 1797).

Idea Ramadaan is a pillar of Islam; the Qur’aan was revealed in this month, and in it there is a night that is better than a thousand months. “When Ramadaan begins, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the devils are put in chains.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, no. 3277).

Idea Fasting Ramadaan is equivalent to fasting ten months (See Musnad Ahmad, 5/280; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/421).

IdeaWhoever fasts Ramadaan out of faith and with the hope of reward, all his previous sins will be forgiven.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, Fath, no. 37).

Idea "At the breaking of every fast, Allaah will choose people to free from Hellfire. "(Reported by Ahmad, 5/256; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/419).

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